Positive behavior support should maximize the strengths and autonomy of the people in need of support and their caregivers and staff.  The strategies selected should be relevant to assessments conducted and fit the settings and circumstances.  The ultimate value of any support practice is its impact on behavior and quality of life.

This Support section includes resources related to planning and implementing positive behavior support interventions.  It includes manuals, workbooks, case examples and stories, planning tools and templates, and other practical materials.  In addition, there are 2-3 page articles that have been adapted by HCPBS specifically for caregivers and support staff.  Click on the name of each resource below to be redirected to it.

PBS in Practice

Providing Positive Behavioural Support: A Checklist for Service Providers - PBS Academy (2016).  A checklist for community based service providers to check their use of PBS and develop a plan to improve their implementation efforts (free).

False Dichotomies in PBS: One More Time with Emphasis - Bambara (2019).  Introduction to inaugural issue of Positive Approaches in which Linda reflects on her professional evolution and the core principles of PBS.

LEND Brief: Positive Behavior Support - Reichle & Moore, Eds (2015).  Special issue defining PBS with articles on person-centered planning, system-wide applications, and individual PBS (free).

Positive Behavior Support Standards of Practice: Individual Level - Anderson et al., Eds, APBS (2007).  Comprehensive guidelines for implementing and evaluating the practice of PBS with individuals (free).

Functional Assessment and Program Development, 3rd Edition - O'Neill et al. (2014).  Comprehensive guide for professionals designing function-based interventions in the community that includes assessment and intervention forms (for purchase).

Communication-Based Intervention for Problem Behavior - Carr et al. (1994).  Easy-to-read guide on function-based intervention to promote communication as an alternative to problem behavior (for purchase).

Tutorials and Presentations

Interactive Tutorial on Individual Positive Behavior Support - Hieneman (2017).  Tutorial providing overview of PBS including detailed case studies, quizzes, and other interactive elements (free).

Working Together to Support School-Aged Students on the Autism Spectrum - Positive Partnerships.  Tutorial with embedded animations and video, sharing case example to illustrate collaborative PBS (free).

Resolving Difficult Behavior Webinar - Hieneman, Ferro, Goulbourn, Lobley, O'Shannon, & Nadeau (2015).  Recording of presentation providing overview of PBS and case examples provided by Florida's APBS Network.

PBS: An Individualized Approach to Challenging Behavior - CSEFEL (2015.  What Works Brief training kit including presentations, speaker notes, and activities to teach people about PBS.

Plan Development

Laura's Communication Passport: This is a free support planning document focused on how Laura communicates with behavior and what it means and what supports should do in response.

Compendium of Resources for Positive Behavior Support: A guide for behavior support practitioners (2019).  Comprehensive guide published by NDIS Quality Safeguards Commission in Australia.  This guide contains assessment forms and checklists (free).

Routine Based Plan.  Format for designing interventions within natural daily routines based on behavioral function (free).

Sample Hypotheses and Interventions - Hieneman (2012).  Planning tool for designing proactive, teaching, and management strategies based on behavioral function (free).

Behavior Planning Worksheet.  Tool for documenting PBS process and summarizing intervention and tracking strategies (free).

It's My Choice - Minnesota Governor's Council on Developmental Disabilities (2017) - A book of checklists and planning sheets for people to use to empower life decision making using positive supports (free).

Program Implementation Fidelity

PBS Plan Fidelity Tracking Tool.  Data collection tool for evaluating consistency of implementation of PBS strategies within and across routines (free).

Employee Skill Checklist - Victoria Budzinski McMullen.  A resource for checking the support plan fidelity of the staff working with Ron (free).

Support Workers doing Positive Behavioural Support Well - PBS Academy (2016) - A checklist for competency for support staff.  Can be used to identify what staff are doing well and what they may need more support with (free).

Strategy Worksheets

Each worksheet below describes various proactive strategies, reinforcement strategies, and reactive strategies in terms of what it is, what it looks like, when to use it, and ways for the person to use it in their work (free).

Included in this section are stories from the field.  They describe how PBS can be applied to improve people's lives.  While most of the stories include all of the features of PBS (support team collaboration, focus on quality of life, assessment of contexts and functions, multi-component plans, and data-based decision making); others may articulate certain aspects less clearly. Click on the name of each resource below to be redirected to it.

Stories from the Field

Family PBS Experience (2019) - Parents and families get the most out of Positive Behavior Support when they fully engage as partners with their clinicians (and in turn, clinicians will see the best outcomes when they facilitate a high level of parent engagement and participation in the service). This paper was co-written by a parent and clinician to describe their experience, and share with other parents what they can expect and what's possible in Positive Behavior Support.

Case Studies in ABA for Students and Adults with Disabilities - Storey & Haymes (2016).  Text on positive behavior support with 21 case studies aligned with the BACB task list (for purchase).

Right Science and Right Results: Lifestyle Change, PBS, and Human Dignity - Turnbull & Turnbull (2011).  Story of Jay, the Turnbull's son, outlining how PBS was used to improve his quality of life (free).

Moving to Italy - Victoria Budzinski McMullen (1999).   A families story about cultural acclimation and living with a disability (free).

Living in Italy - Budzinski McMullen, V., Frick, M.E., & McMullen, RD. (1999).  Part two of the story about Ron and his families journey in supporting a full community life for Ron (free).

Stories of Behavior Support - PBS Kansas.  Examples of student and adult application of PBS using the competing behavior model (free).

Articles for Caregivers

Each of the articles below are short, plain language reads with practical strategies for how we support people and with interacting with people in general.  Each topic was chosen given the frequency in which some of these issues arise in everyday life.  Each of the articles are available for free.

Recent Posts