This Employment section includes literature focused on implementing positive behavior support in competitive and supported employment environments, as well as vocational and other training programs (e.g., university-based) that assist people in working.  It includes research and discussion articles. 

Positive behavior support is essential to help people with behavioral challenges gain and retain meaningful employment.  As with all applications of positive behavior support, practices focus on:

  • collaboration teaming,
  • assessing people’s skills, work requirements, and other factors that could affect success,
  • comprehensive support plans that fit within settings,
  • ongoing data-based monitoring; and an emphasis on quality of life.

Click on the citations below to be redirected to either the publication itself (if available) or the publisher’s website where the item can be purchased.

Supports in the Work Environment:

Positive Behaviour Support and Supported Employment for Adults with Severe Disability – West & Patton (2010).  This study applied PBS to support adults working in community based settings that have historically been isolated (available for purchase).

Positive Behavior Support: Supporting Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Workplace – Schall (2010).  Research findings on the application of a PBS support model for an adult diagnosed with autism is presented (available for purchase).

Research Review Papers:

Employment and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Challenges and Strategies for Success – Hendricks (2010).  This paper summarizes the current research on the state of employment for adults diagnosed with autism and the current barriers to successful employment (available for purchase).

Preparing Transition-Age Students with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders for Meaningful WorkGloria Lee and Erik Carter (2012).  This paper summarizes several methods of transition to work that impacted successful long term employment for adults diagnosed with autism (available for purchase).

Transition to Retirement

Active Aging for Individuals with Intellectual Disability: Meaningful Community Participation Through Employment, Retirement, Service, and Volunteerism – Fesko, S .L, Hall, A. C., Quinlan, J., & Jockell, C. (2012).  This paper summarizes issues to consider when engaged in retirement planning with individuals with developmental disabilities.  Recommendations for policy makers, service providers, and researchers is presented (free).

Leisure Education and Later-Life Planning: A Conceptual Framework – Jennifer Mactavish and Michael J. Mahon (2005).  Issues with an aging population are explored along with methods to support later life leisure skill development (free).