Training and Systems

- Content Expert Dr. Denny Reed

This section includes resources related to teaching people to implement positive behavior support within the systems in which PBS is practiced.  The resources are intended for both professionals (e.g., direct support staff, administrators, other practitioners) and parents or other caregivers.

Systems-level PBS retains the same features described in other sections of this website, with these features being implemented at multiple levels:

    • Engaging multiple stakeholders through collaborative teaming
    • Emphasizing improving quality of life of people and the climate within systems
    • Employing proactive, educative, and functional strategies
    • Assessing variables that may be influencing behavior
    • Conducting ongoing data-based decision making

Effective systems provide appropriate training in PBS, tailored to the participants and circumstances in which practices will be used.  It involves clearly defining skills to be developed, using effective instructional strategies (i.e., examples, prompting, modeling, practice activities, and positive and corrective feedback) and ongoing monitoring to ensure effective implementation. 

Expand each of the sections below to access additional content.

On Demand Learning

Positive Behavioural Support Academy-  This site was put together by a collection of organizations based in the United Kingdom.  A comprehensive framework for competency based PBS is described.  Includes resources (Free).

Interactive Tutorial on Individual PBS - Hieneman (2017).  Online presentation with interactive features (e.g., quizzes) to introduce PBS using case examples (free).

Kansas Mental Health and Positive Behavior Support: Training Materials - KMHPBS (2013). Topic-based video modules and related awareness and application-level materials for family- and community-based PBS, including crossover with school-based support. Designed for practitioners, families, and other stakeholders (free).

AAIDD/Relias Learning PBS online modules  Online training modules on PBS including topics such as supporting children, supervision, professional boundaries, and stress management (for purchase).

Basic FBA to BSP - Portland State University.  Training series designed for school-based teams to guide completion of FBAs and BIPs that is relevant to community (free).

Training Materials

AI Hub - Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute. Information and materials to learn and apply Active Implementation as a framework for adopting evidence-based practices. Designed in education context but applicable to any organization (free).

IABA Positive Practices in Behavioral Support Series - Lavigne, Willis, & Hughes.  Training on positive practices, FBA, reactive strategies, and provisions of quality services offered by the Institute for ABA (for purchase).

Practical Functional Assessment - Website containing information, videos, publications, and resources for practitioners regarding function-based treatments for children and adults with challenging behavior (free).

Facilitator's Guide: Positive Behavioral Support - Hieneman, Nolan, Presley, DeTuro, Gayler, & Dunlap, Florida DOE (1999).  Workbook to assist professionals in guiding a team-based PBS process with examples and forms (free).

Checklists and Self-Assessments

Key Performance Indicator Tool to Monitor PBS Service Provision - A checklist for management and policy staff to check for the delivery of specific PBS based services.  Can be found on the Positive Behavioural Support Academy website (free).

Person-Centered Practices Self-Assessment - Mary Lou Bourne for the National Association for State Directors of Developmental Disability Services (2020).  This Self-Assessment is designed to help leadership at human service agencies in States, Tribes, and Territories to measure their progress in developing a more person-centered system.

Progress for Providers: Checking your progress in using person-centered approaches.  Helen Sanderson and Associates for USA Managers (2019).  This resource is a practical self-assessment tool for managers and team leaders to use individually and with teams. The person-centered approaches outlined in each section represent suggested steps taken by many organizations to create environments in which people can thrive, employees as well as people who receive long term services and supports (free).

Employee Skill Checklist - Victoria Budzinski McMullen.  A resource for checking the support plan fidelity of the staff working with Ron (free).

Support Workers doing Positive Behavioural Support Well - PBS Academy (2016) - A checklist for competency for support staff.  Can be used to identify what staff are doing well and what they may need more support with (free).

Papers Describing Systems Change Efforts

Missouri Interagency Multi-Tiered System  - A paper put out by the Missouri Interagency Positive Behavior Support Statewide Team that describes the states model for PBS implementation from the individual level to a statewide level.  Includes information about collaboration between the education department and human services department (Free).

Handbook of Positive Psychology and Developmental Disabilities: Translating Research into Practice - Shogren, K., Wehmeyer, M. & Singh, N. (2017).  A book that contains multiple papers focusing on positive supports to address issues across the lifespan and in various societal contexts (available for purchase).

Standards, Ethics and Competencies

Division for Early Childhood of the Counsel for Exceptional Children Position Statement on Challenging Behavior and Young Children (2017).  

Five Competency Domains for Staff who Facilitate Person-Centered Planning - Tondora, J., Croft, B., Kardell, Y., Camacho-Gonsalves, T., & Kwak, M. (2020).  This resource describes five skill areas, or domains, that facilitators should possess to support a fully person-centered planning process (free).

Direct Support Professional PBS Core Competencies (NYS) - New York State Talent Development Consortium (2014). Suggested competencies, skills, example tasks, and suggested time frames for development. Applicable to direct support professionals in PBS (free).

Arc US PBS Position Statement - The Arc was established 65 years ago by families of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.  This paper is this advocacy organizations position statement regarding the use of positive behavior support.

APBS Standards of Practice - The Association for Positive Behavior Support is a group of people from various backgrounds (families, teachers, practitioners, and many others) that are committed to the application of positive behavior support in various community and program settings.  This paper is the associations standards for practice for positive behavior support implementation.

APA Ethics Code - The American Psychological Association represents educations, researchers, and clinicians around the county.  This link will take you to the current code of conduct and ethical guidelines for practicing psychologists.

Behavior Analysis Code of Ethics - The Behavior Analyst Certification Board oversees the certification of behavior technicians, assistant behavior analysts, behavior analysts, and doctoral behavior analysts.  This link will take you to the current code of conduct and ethical guidelines for certified behavior analyst practitioners.

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