This Support section includes literature related to planning and implementing positive behavior support interventions. It includes articles on single subject and group research and edited texts that summarize evidence-based practices. The articles are organized around the key features of positive behavior support interventions: proactive, teaching, and management strategies.
Although a variety of strategies may be research based, the specific approaches selected should be relevant to needs and preferences of people in need of support, assessments conducted, and settings and circumstances in which strategies will be used. The ultimate value of any support practice is its impact on behavior and quality of life.
Click on the citations below to be redirected to either the publication itself (if available) or the publisher's website where the item can be purchased.
A Component Analysis of Positive Behavior Support Plans - McClean & Grey (2012). Article describing outcomes of a component analysis of 1,272 interventions, evaluating the impact of different elements on child behavior change (for purchase).
Positive Behavior Support for Individuals with Behavior Challenges - Hieneman (2015). Brief article describing individualized PBS process with case illustration in Behavior Analysis in Practice (free).
Toward a Technology of “Nonaversive” Behavioral Support - Horner et al. (1990). Seminal article defining the defining characteristics of PBS (free).
Handbook of Positive Behavior Support - Sailor, Dunlap, Sugai, & Horner (2009). Edited book with chapters on early childhood, family, and community PBS - as well as school-wide (for purchase).
Supporting Positive Practices and People with Challenging Behavior - TASH Connections (2006). Special issue covering wide range of PBS topics, including policy, training, intervention, and caregiver support.
An Evaluation of Positive Behavioural Support for People with Very Severe Challenging Behaviours in Community-Based Settings - McClean, Grey, & McCracken (2007). A study on a framework for supporting adults living together in a community setting aimed at reducing challenging behavior while increasing the person's quality of life (free).
A Positive Behavioural Support Model for Breaking the Barriers to Social and Community Inclusion - LaVigna & Willis (2005). A study on a framework for removing barriers to full inclusion of adults with developmental disabilities that engage in challenging behavior (free).
Positive Behavior Support for People with Developmental Disabilities: A Research Synthesis - Carr, Horner, Turnbull, and colleagues (1999). A book that is a meta analysis of the research in positive behavior support and includes recommendations for future research (free).
Antecedent Assessment and Intervention: Supporting Children and Adults with Developmental Disabilities in Community Settings - Luiselli (2006). Updated from a previous publication with a focus on helping psychologists, educators, and rehabilitation specialist support children with challenging behavior (for purchase).
Quality of Rapport as a Setting Event for Problem Behavior - Magito-McLaughlin & Carr (2005). Article describing two companion studies to assess the relationship between rapport and behavior of individuals with developmental disabilities and intervention to enhance caregiver rapport (free).
Functional Communication Training to Reduce Challenging Behavior: Maintenance and Applications in New Settings - Durand & Carr (1991). Research article on teaching function communication skills to three children with developmental disabilities (free).
A family-centered positive behavior support approach to the amelioration of food refusal behavior: An empirical case study - Binnendyk, L., & Lucyshyn, J. M. (2009). A parent training strategy using positive behavior support is described for increasing the amount of food eating by a young child diagnosed with autism (free).
Training a Family in Physical Interventions as Part of a Positive Behavior Support Intervention for Challenging Behavior. - Hewitt, Keeling, & Pearce (2015). Article providing a case study of proactive and reactive methods to address and adult son's violent behavior and improve the family's confidence in managing the behaviors.
Designing and Evaluating Assessment-Based Interventions to Reduce Stereotypy Among Adults with Autism in a Community Job - Reid, D. Hl, Parson, M. B., & Lattimore, L. P. (2010). An example where functional analysis and positive behavior support interventions resulted in increased work behaviors for adults diagnosed with autism (free).