This section includes literature focused on implementation of positive behavior support with with children as members of families and for family systems as a whole.  It covers evaluations of specific practices and behavioral parent education programs.  Click on the citations below to be redirected to either the publication itself (if available) or the publisher’s website where the item can be purchased.

Watch this video by clicking the picture to get information about literature that is relevant to families.

Effective family-based PBS is collaborative in nature and emphasizes multi-component, assessment-based strategies that fit in the context of daily routines and promote family quality of life.

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Family Relationships

The Compare Effectiveness of Positive Behavioral Support program and Barkley's parenting model on improve symptoms in ADHD children - Esfahani, A.S., Abedi, A., Faramarzi, S. & Yarmohamadiyan, A. (2019).  In Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies (for purchase).

Transforming Parent-Child Interaction in Family Routines: Longitudinal Analysis with Families of Children with Developmental Disabilities - Lucyshyn et al. (2015).  Evaluation of a PBS intervention with 10 families within 36 routines using multiple baseline designs (free).

Collateral Effects of Parent Training on Family Interactions - Koegel, Bimbela, & Schreibman (1996).  Student examining results of two parent training approaches during unstructured family dinnertime interactions.

Implementation of Positive Behavior Support with a Sibling Set in a Home Environment - Duda, Fox, Clarke, & Dunlap (2008).  Study describing functional assessment and multi-component intervention for three children with behavioral challenges using a multiple baseline design across routines (free).

Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) for Mothers of Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Effects on Adolescents' Behavior and Parental StressSingh, Lancioni, Winton, et al. (2014).  This study evaluated a MBPBS program, training mothers of adolescents with autism in an 8 week program (free).

Supports within the Family Context

Families and Positive Behavior Support: Addressing Problem Behavior in Family Contexts - Lucyshyn, Dunlap, & Albin (2002).  Edited book summarizing research and application of PBS with families, including case studies and parent perspectives (for purchase).

Contextualized Behavioral Support in Early Intervention for Children with Autism and their Families - Moes & Frea (2002).  Study of functional communication training within family routines that informed and evaluated intervention related to contextual fit (for purchase).

A Family-Centered Positive Behavior Support Approach to the Amelioration of Food Refusal Behavior: An Empirical Case Study - Binnendyk, L., & Lucyshyn, J. M. (2009).  A parent training strategy using positive behavior support is described for increasing the amount of food eating by a young child diagnosed with autism (free).

Strategies for Helping Parents of Young Children Address Challenging Behaviors in the Home – Chai & Lieberman-Betz (2016). An article for parents and educators that presents a real scenario regarding the use of positive behavior support for a 3 year-old girl (free).

Parent Implementation of Function-Based Intervention to Reduce Challenging Behavior: A Literature Review - Fettig & Barton (2014).  A research synthesis that describes variables within the studies and recommendations for future directions (for purchase).

Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Autism: Longitudinal, Single-Case, Experimental, and Descriptive Replication and Extension - Lucyshyn et al. (2007).  An experimental case study of positive behavior support with a child with autism in his family home over a 10 year period (free).

Intervening in Children's Lives: An Ecological, Family-Centered, Approach to Mental Health Care - Dishion & Stormshak (2007).  A book describing an ecological approach to intervention that shares features with PBS (for purchase).

Intervening in the Lives of Youth with Complex Behavioral Health Challenges and their Families: The Role of the Wraparound Process - Bruns et al. (2010).  An article describing wraparound process, an approach that is aligned with PBS to address significant behavioral challenges in youth (free).

Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: Towards an Empirically Validated Multilevel Parenting and Family Support Strategy for the Prevention of Behavior and Emotional Problems in Children – Sanders (1999).  An article about the comprehensive, multilevel system of parenting for high-risk children and their parents (for purchase).

Parent Training and Education

Employing the Principles of Positive Behavior Support to Enhance Family Education and Intervention - Meme Hieneman and Sarah Fefer (2017).  In the Journal of Child and Family Studies.  The purpose of this paper is to define the core features of PBS including lifestyle enhancement, assessment-based intervention, and comprehensive support plans (i.e., including strategies for prevention, teaching, and management) (free).

Enablers of Behavior Parent Training for Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder - Raulston, T.J., Hieneman, M., Caraway, N., Pennefather, J. & Bhana, N. (2018) In the Journal of Child and Family Studies.  A study on increasing Behavior Parent Training maintained using the family context (free).

Effects of a brief mindfulness-infused behavioral parent training for mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder - Raulston, T.J., Zemantic, P.K., Machalicek, W., Hieneman, M., Kurtz-Nelson, E., Barton, H., Hansen, S.G. & Frantz, R.J. (2019). In Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.  A study of strategies embedded within the family context for 3 different families (free).

Training a Family in Physical Interventions as Part of a Positive Behavior Support Intervention for Challenging Behavior. - Hewitt, Keeling, & Pearce (2015).  Article providing a case study of proactive and reactive methods to address and adult son's violent behavior and improve the family's confidence in managing the behaviors.

Employing the Principles of Positive Behavior Support to Enhance Family Education and Intervention - Hieneman & Fefer (2017).  Discussion article outlining the features of PBS, how they may be applied with families, and recommendations (free).

Effect of Parent Training vs. Parent Education on Behavioral Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder - Bearss, Johnson, Smith et al. (2015).  Large-scale randomized trial comparing parent training approaches focused on disruptive and noncompliant behavior (free).

The Application of a Three-Tier Model of Intervention to Parent Training - Phaneuf & McIntyre (2011).  Study that examined the effects of a three-tiered model of support based on the Incredible Years program for parents of preschool aged children with disabilities (free).

Functional Assessment Based Parent Training Intervention in Reducing Children's Challenging Behaviors: Exploratory Study of Group Training - Fettig & Ostrosky (2014).  Evaluation of a group PBS training program using an interrupted time series design.

Triple-P Parenting Program as a Public Health Approach to Strengthening Parenting - Sanders (2008).  Evaluation of a three-tiered model with an emphasis on self-regulation applied to parent training for high risk children (for purchase).

Predictors of Parent Training Efficacy for Child Externalizing Behavior Problems - Reyno & McGrath (2005).  Meta-analysis of parent training literature examining child, parent, and family-level variables that predict the responsiveness of parents (for purchase).

The Past, Present, and Future of Behavioral Parent Training: Interventions for Child and Adolescent Behavior ProblemsShaffer, Kotchick, Dorsey, & Forehand (2001).  A review, summary, and suggestions for best practices for parent training to support children with problem behavior (free).

Parent Management Training: Evidence, Outcomes, and Issues - Kazdin (1997).  Presents overview and outcomes of PMT program (for purchase).

The Effectiveness of Behavioral Parent Training to Modify Antisocial Behavior in Children: A Meta-Analysis - Serketich & Dumas (1996).  Examination of literature on outcomes of behavioral parent training.

Positive Family Intervention for Severe Challenging Behavior I: A Multisite Randomized Clinical Trial - Durand, Hieneman, Clarke et al. (2012).  Evaluation of parent training program that combines PBS and optimism training through a randomized control trial (for purchase).

Collaboration with Families

Parent-Professional Collaboration for Positive Behavior Support in the Home - Marshall & Mirenda (2002).  Article discussing challenges and benefits of parent professional collaboration via a case study relevant to assessment, intervention, and implementation (free).

Family-school Collaboration and Positive Behavior Support – Minke & Anderson (2005).  An article that describes the challenges of school and parent collaboration and offers suggestions for overcoming those challenges (free).

Collaborating with Parents to Implement Behavioral Interventions for Children with Challenging Behaviors – Park, Alber-Morgan, & Fleming (2011).  An article designed for practitioners and serves as a guide for training parents in implementing supports for their child (free).

Treating Children with Early Onset Conduct Problems: Intervention Outcomes for Parent, Child, and Teacher Training - Webster-Stratton, Reid, & Hammond (2004).  Study examines effects of teaching training either combined with parent training, child social skills training or both (free).

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