-Content Expert Dr. Sarah Fefer

This section includes literature focused on implementation of positive behavior support with with children as members of families and for family systems as a whole.  It covers evaluations of specific practices and behavioral parent education programs.  Click on the citations below to be redirected to either the publication itself (if available) or the publisher’s website where the item can be purchased.

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Effective family-based PBS is collaborative in nature and emphasizes multi-component, assessment-based strategies that fit in the context of daily routines and promote family quality of life.

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Family Relationships

Collateral Effects of Parent Training on Family Interactions - Koegel, Bimbela, & Schreibman (1996).  Student examining results of two parent training approaches during unstructured family dinnertime interactions (for purchase).

Implementation of Positive Behavior Support with a Sibling Set in a Home Environment - Duda, Fox, Clarke, & Dunlap (2008).  Study describing functional assessment and multi-component intervention for three children with behavioral challenges using a multiple baseline design across routines (free).

Toward an Ecological Unit of Analysis in Behavioral Assessment and Intervention with Families of Children with Developmental Disabilities - Lucyshyn et al. (2009).  A chapter describing a systems perspective on family support in PBS.

Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) for Mothers of Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Effects on Adolescents' Behavior and Parental StressSingh, Lancioni, Winton, et al. (2014).  This study evaluated a MBPBS program, training mothers of adolescents with autism in an 8 week program (free).

Transforming Parent-Child Interaction in Family Routines: Longitudinal Analysis with Families of Children with Developmental Disabilities - Lucyshyn et al. (2015).  Evaluation of a PBS intervention with 10 families within 36 routines using multiple baseline designs (free).

The Compare Effectiveness of Positive Behavioral Support program and Barkley's parenting model on improve symptoms in ADHD children - Esfahani, Abedi., Faramarzi, & Yarmohamadiyan, (2019).  A study involving a randomized control trial to compare PBS to another parenting model in the Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies (for purchase).

Supports within the Family Context

Family Involvement in Functional Assessment and Positive Behavior Support - Dunlap et al. (2001).  Discussion article on the role of families in PBS and process to support their engagement (free).

Families and Positive Behavior Support: Addressing Problem Behavior in Family Contexts - Lucyshyn, Dunlap, & Albin (2002).  Edited book summarizing research and application of PBS with families, including case studies and parent perspectives (for purchase).

Contextualized Behavioral Support in Early Intervention for Children with Autism and their Families - Moes & Frea (2002).  Study of functional communication training within family routines that informed and evaluated intervention related to contextual fit (for purchase).

Parent-Professional Collaboration  for Positive Behavior Support in the Home - Marshall & Mirenda (2002). Discussion article on working with families to employ PBS at home (free).

Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Autism: Longitudinal, Single-Case, Experimental, and Descriptive Replication and Extension - Lucyshyn et al. (2007).  An experimental case study of positive behavior support with a child with autism in his family home over a 10 year period (free).

Implementing Positive Behavior Support with Chinese American Families: Enhancing Cultural Competence - Wang, McCart, & Turnbull (2007).  Discussion describing the role of culture in PBS, providing examples from Chinese culture (free)

Implementation of Positive Behavior Support with a Sibling Set in a Home Environment - Duda, Clarke, Fox, & Dunlap (2008).  A multiple baseline study with two children across family routines (free).

The Family Check-Up with High-Risk indigent families: Preventing Problem Behavior by Increasing Parent's Positive Behavior Support in Early Childhood - Dishion et al. (2008).  A longitudinal randomized control study demonstrating impact of PBS on child behavior (free).

A Family-Centered Positive Behavior Support Approach to the Amelioration of Food Refusal Behavior: An Empirical Case Study - Binnendyk, L., & Lucyshyn, J. M. (2009).  A parent training strategy using positive behavior support is described for increasing the amount of food eating by a young child diagnosed with autism (free).

Behavior Support Interventions Implemented by Families of Young Children: Examination of Contextual Fit - McLaughlin, Denny, Snyder, & Welsh (2012).  Literature review of 18 studies to evaluate extent to which contextual fit was addressed (for purchase).

Parent Implementation of Function-Based Intervention to Reduce Challenging Behavior: A Literature Review - Fettig & Barton (2014).  A research synthesis that describes variables within the studies and recommendations for future directions (for purchase).

Strategies for Helping Parents of Young Children Address Challenging Behaviors in the Home – Chai & Lieberman-Betz (2016). An article for parents and educators that presents a real scenario regarding the use of positive behavior support for a 3 year-old girl (free).

The Effectiveness of Function-Based Interventions to Treat Sleep Problems, Including Unwanted Co-Sleeping in Children with Autism - McLay et al. (2019).  Nonconcurrent multiple baseline study across seven children to demonstrate the impact of PBS on sleep (for purchase).

Parent Training and Education

Positive Family Intervention for Severe Challenging Behavior I: A Multisite Randomized Clinical Trial - Durand, Hieneman, Clarke et al. (2012).  Evaluation of parent training program that combines PBS and optimism training through a randomized control trial (for purchase).

Functional Assessment Based Parent Training Intervention in Reducing Children's Challenging Behaviors: Exploratory Study of Group Training - Fettig & Ostrosky (2014).  Evaluation of a group PBS training program using an interrupted time series design.

Training a Family in Physical Interventions as Part of a Positive Behavior Support Intervention for Challenging Behavior. - Hewitt, Keeling, & Pearce (2015).  Article providing a case study of proactive and reactive methods to address and adult son's violent behavior and improve the family's confidence in managing the behaviors.

Employing the Principles of Positive Behavior Support to Enhance Family Education and Intervention - Meme Hieneman and Sarah Fefer (2017).  In the Journal of Child and Family Studies.  The purpose of this paper is to define the core features of PBS including lifestyle enhancement, assessment-based intervention, and comprehensive support plans (i.e., including strategies for prevention, teaching, and management) (free).

Enablers of Behavior Parent Training for Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder - Raulston, T.J., Hieneman, M., Caraway, N., Pennefather, J. & Bhana, N. (2018) In the Journal of Child and Family Studies.  A study on increasing Behavior Parent Training maintained using the family context (free).

Effects of a brief mindfulness-infused behavioral parent training for mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder - Raulston, T.J., Zemantic, P.K., Machalicek, W., Hieneman, M., Kurtz-Nelson, E., Barton, H., Hansen, S.G. & Frantz, R.J. (2019). In Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.  A study of strategies embedded within the family context for 3 different families (free).

Using Interactive Web Training to Teach Parents to Select Function-Based Interventions for Challenging Behaviour: A Preliminary Study - Marleau et al. (2019). Evaluation of an online protocol on parents' ability to select function-based strategies (free).

A Comparative Analysis of Two Online Behavioral Parent Training Programs for  Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder - Hieneman, Raulston, Pennefather, & Caraway (2020).  Randomized study to evaluate two PBS online programs (free).

Collaboration with Families

Parent-Professional Collaboration for Positive Behavior Support in the Home - Marshall & Mirenda (2002).  Article discussing challenges and benefits of parent professional collaboration via a case study relevant to assessment, intervention, and implementation (free).

Collaboration with Families in the Functional Behavioral Assessment and Intervention for Severe Behavior Problems - Peterson, Derby, Berg, & Horner (2002).  Article describes the role of families in PBS (for purchase).

Recapturing Desired Family Routines: A Parent-Professional Behavioral Collaboration - Buschbacher, Fox, & Clarke (2002).  Study describes use of multiple-baseline design to evaluate behavioral impact across family-chose routines (for purchase).

Treating Children with Early Onset Conduct Problems: Intervention Outcomes for Parent, Child, and Teacher Training - Webster-Stratton, Reid, & Hammond (2004).  Study examines effects of teaching training either combined with parent training, child social skills training or both (free).

Family-school Collaboration and Positive Behavior Support – Minke & Anderson (2005).  An article that describes the challenges of school and parent collaboration and offers suggestions for overcoming those challenges (free).

Positive Behavior Support through Family-School Collaboration for Young Children with Autism - Blair & Dunlap (2010).  Study using a multiple baseline design to demonstrate the effectiveness of PBS across play and circle time routines (for purchase).

Collaborating with Parents to Implement Behavioral Interventions for Children with Challenging Behaviors – Park, Alber-Morgan, & Fleming (2011).  An article designed for practitioners and serves as a guide for training parents in implementing supports for their child (free).

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