This Systems section includes literature regarding implementing positive behavior support universally or within or across groups, organizations, or communities in which people with behavioral support needs function.  It includes research and discussion articles.  Click on the citations below to be redirected to either the publication itself (if available) or the publisher’s website where the item can be purchased.

Positive behavior support at a systems level retains the same features described in other sections of this website, with these features being implemented at multiple levels.  The features include:

  • collaborative teaming
  • assessing variables that may affect behavior
  • employing proactive, educative, and functional strategies
  • data-based decision making
  • an emphasis on quality of life and climate improvement.

Systems Change Organizational Level

Culturally responsive positive behavioral interventions and supports: A process-oriented framework for systematic transformation – Bal (2018).  A first look at Culturally Responsive Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (CRPBIS).  This article describes the considerations of culture within the context of applying positive behavior support strategies at a systems level (for purchase).

From Programs to Systems: Deploying Implementation Science and Practice for Sustained Real World Effectiveness in Services for Children and Families – Ghate (2015). Article in Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology describing approach to implementation that will enhance the quality of care, moving from an individual to systems level (free).

Implementation Drivers: Assessing Best Practices Fixsen, Blase, Naoom, Metz, Louison, & Ward (2015).  A synthesis of best practices around implementing organizational change (for purchase).  

Implementing Positive Behavioural Support: Changing Social and Organizational Contexts – Allen, McGill, Hastings, Toogood, Baker, Gore & Hughes (2013).  This article in International Journal of PBS provides a review of literature of factors that impact PBS in the community (free).

Positive behavioural support as a clinical model within acute assessment and treatment services – Gary, Smith, Nethell, Allen, & Lowe (2013).  Research on the organizational use of positive behavior support based assessment strategies to improve outcomes for adults with developmental disabilities residing in acute care facilities (available for purchase).

State Policies and Practices in Behavior Supports – Rotholz, Moseley, & Carlson (2013).  This study provides current status on the definition, provider qualifications, training, and oversight requirements for PBS in the US (free).

The impact of a whole-organisation approach to positive behavioural support on the use of physical interventions Allen, Kaye, Horwood, Gray, & Mines (2012).  A comparison on the use of positive behavior support practices versus the use of restrictive practices with adults with developmental disabilities as a method to produce reductions in problem behavior (available for purchase).

Systems Change at the State or Regional Level

Building Positive, Healthy, Inclusive Communities with Positive Behavior Support. Handbook of Positive Psychology and Developmental Disabilities, pp 81-95 Enyart, Kurth, & Davidson (2017).  This chapter focuses on the use of positive behavior support to align outcomes across organizations, schools, home, and community settings to improve the quality of life of individuals with developmental disabilities (for purchase).

Statewide Implementation of Evidenced-Based ProgramsFixsen, Blasé, Metz, & Van Dyke (2013).  Describes a framework for developing statewide infrastructure in supporting families and children that is a shift away from program development (for purchase).

Positive Behavior Support Across the Lifespan: Expanding the concept of statewide planning for large scale organizational systems change – Freeman et al. (2010).  In this monograph the critical features of statewide planning for expanding the implementation of positive behavior support across a state (within human service organizations, schools, community settings, and others) is described (free).

Delivering support in the foster care system. Handbook of Positive Behavior Support, pp 279-304 Crossland, Dunlap, Hewitt, & Neff (2009).  A paper on the use of systems level PBS application specific to the foster care system (for purchase).

Behavior Intervention Planning and Implementation of Positive Behavioral Support Plans: An examination of states’ adherence to standards for practiceKillu, Weber, Derby & Barretto (2006).  This study complied information from all 50 states on the resources developed by the states educational institutions and compared these to the current standards of practice for PBIS (free).

Building a Statewide Plan for Embedding Positive Behavior Support in Human Service Organizations – Freeman, Smith, Zarcone, Kimbrough, Tieghi-Benet, Wickham, Reese, & Hine (2005).  This article outlines a 3 pronged process used to implement systems wide change with the intention to increase the use of positive behavior support across state agencies and across different service areas (free).

Operation Positive Change: PBS in an Urban Context – Markey, Markey, Quant, Santelli, & Turnbull (2002).  Article discussing training curriculum in positive behavior support for culturally and linguistically diverse families living in underserved urban communities (free).