General PBS

This General PBS section includes resources that provide a comprehensive overview of positive behavior support or, at least, encompass multiple elements.  In this section, you will find guides, workbooks, and brief articles, as links to texts.  Click on the name of each resource below to be redirected to it.

Keep in mind that the defining features of positive behavior support are collaborative teaming, assessment of contexts and functions affecting behavior. multi-element plans (i.e., proactive, educative, and reinforcement-based strategies), data-based decision making, and an emphasis on lifestyle and systems change.  Collectively, these characteristics define positive behavior support.


Understanding Behavior Support Practice Guide – UNSW-Sydney, Intellectual Disability Support Program.  Comprehensive manuals for children 0-8 and 9-18 describing PBS practice (free). 

LEND Brief: Positive Behavior Support – Reichle & Moore, Eds (2015).  Special issue defining PBS with articles on person-centered planning, system-wide applications, and individual PBS (free).

Positive Behavior Support Workbook for Caregivers and Professionals – Kansas Institute on PBS (2015).  Implementation guide for PBS, outlining independent vs. professional supported activities and exercises (free).

Positive Behavior Support Standards of Practice: Individual Level – Anderson et al., Eds, APBS (2007).  Comprehensive guidelines for implementing and evaluating the practice of PBS with individuals (free).

Facilitator’s Guide: Positive Behavioral Support – Hieneman, Nolan, Presley, DeTuro, Gayler, & Dunlap, Florida DOE (1999).  Workbook to assist professionals in guiding a team-based PBS process with examples and forms (free).


Prevent-Teach-Reinforce for Families: A Model of Individualized Positive Behavior Support for Home and Community – Dunlap et al. (2017)  Comprehensive guide for professionals implementing PBS with children and families including examples and tools (for purchase).

Individual Positive Behavior Supports: A Standards-Based Guide to Practices in School and Community Settings – Edited by Brown, Anderson, & De Pry (2015) – Brown, Anderson, & De Pry, Eds (2015).  Edited book based on PBS standards addressing foundations, principles, and applications across environments (for purchase).

Functional Assessment and Program Development, 3rd Edition – O’Neill et al. (2014).  Comprehensive guide for professionals designing function-based interventions in the community that includes assessment and intervention forms (for purchase).

Positive Behavior Supports for Adults with Disabilities in Employment, Community, and Residential Settings – Storey & Post (2015).  Practical guide with extensive case studies, discussion questions, and recommendations for practice with adults (for purchase).

Optimistic Parenting: Hope and Help for You and Your Challenging Child – Durand (2011).  Book for caregivers that addresses function-based interventions and cognitive-emotive strategies to support families (for purchase).

Parenting with Positive Behavior Support: A Practical Guide to Resolving Your Child’s Difficult Behavior – Hieneman, Childs, & Sergay (2006).  Book for parents and other caregivers, guiding them through the PBS process to improve child behavior (for purchase).

Communication-Based Intervention for Problem Behavior – Carr et al. (1994).  Easy-to-read guide on function-based intervention to promote communication as an alternative to problem behavior (for purchase).


Interactive Tutorial on Individualized Positive Behavior Support – Hieneman (2017). Narrated presentation with interactive elements (e.g., quizzes) and detailed case examples published on APBS website.

Resolving Difficult Behavior Webinar – Hieneman, Ferro, Goulbourn, Lobley, O’Shannon, & Nadeau (2015).  Recording of presentation providing overview of PBS and case examples provided by Florida’s APBS Network.

PBS: An Individualized Approach to Challenging Behavior – CSEFEL (2015.  What Works Brief training kit including presentations, speaker notes, and activities to teach people about PBS.